Mark 43: Redefining Law Enforcement in a Mobile World

Mark43, a police force SaaS platform, shows that software can eat the government, too.

The digitization of government services is as inevitable as the iPhone 8. The Obama administration took serious stridesScreen Shot 2017-02-02 at 12.28.09 AM to bring the US government into the 21st century with varying degrees of success: from establishing the U.S. Digital Service (success) to (failure). As recently as yesterday, the ACLU announced that it is joining the next class of Y Combinator. But government tech has been greeted with varying levels of enthusiasm: while some investors see a opportunities with a large TAM – a combined $100B spent on IT by US state and federal government in 2016 – and low-hanging fruit, others worry about the drawbacks of selling to the public sector, most notably the lack of potential profit.

Enter Mark43: developer of SaaS platform Cobalt that powers law enforcement offices around the country, enabling them to share and store information seamlessly. “The technology enables detectives to review traffic diagrams, as well as collaborate, attach uploaded files, and control access to cases. Juxtaposed with the image of police officers sifting through physical folders of information, Mark43 saves time, energy and efficiency by maintaining a streamlined, digitized law enforcement database for a profession that depends on moving swiftly. The product is mobile, so officers have the information they need at their fingertips.

Why Mark43 will win:

  1. Identified huge need and moved first

Mark43 began solving this problem in early 2013, and signed the Massachusetts State Police Special Projects team as its first client before the founders graduated from college. By helping law enforcement offices transition away from on-premise software and hardware solutions, Mark43 identified a gap in the market before traditional suppliers of law enforcement technology. By moving away from incremental innovation and instead re-thinking the system, they were able to deploy software to replace activities that used to require separate hardware (ex. Traffic diagrams)

  1. Sticky business model

rms-case-managementMark43 generates revenue similar to a typical SaaS company: by charging companies an annual fee for their proprietary Cobalt software. The revenue is predictable and often sold in multi-year packages. Furthermore, they are able to capture value from the fact that the client base is extremely stable; law enforcement agencies, unlike SMBs, will be in existence year after year.

In addition, given the interconnectedness of policing and law enforcement, once one agency begins to use the platform it becomes advantageous for others to use it as well.  If a police department in one town uses Mark43 and has to work with another town that does not, working across systems can be challenging. Because the service benefits from network effects, they have a built-in marketing system whereby police officers encourage other departments to use the services as well.

The value added by a service like Mark43 is tremendous. They claim to have saved over 230,000 hours of inefficiency back to police officers who used to need that time to do administrative work. Instead, those police officers can be back in the field enforcing the law.

  1. High barriers to entry for subsequent entrants

In addition to having a sticky business model, the nature of the product itself poses extremely high barriers to entry for future entrants. In order for a police force to onboard onto the Cobalt SaaS platfom, they must upload and digitize vast amounts of data and information from their legacy system. This is a process that will likely only happen once, and as soon as the service starts using one platform to generate and store new data, it’s difficult to convince a police force to take the time and effort to do it again.


  1. Low capital outlay

Mark43 is purely a software play, meaning that law enforcement agencies can use legacy or existing hardware if necessary. Assuming security is not a factor, police can use existing devices and personal devices, meaning purchasing Cobalt does not require a simultaneous capital expenditure of hardware equipment. The sales pitch, therefore, is much more palatable than for existing competitors selling their hardware and software combinations.

  1. Provide useful data and insights

In addition to aiding police officers with administrative and day-to-day tasks, the data that Mark43 is able to store and surface can be a huge benefit to police departments. It’s been used to help solve crimes, keep police forces organized and overlay third party information (like social media) onto persons of interest. As the records accumulate, it will be easier for law enforcement officials to use this information to keep everyone safe.




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Student comments on Mark 43: Redefining Law Enforcement in a Mobile World

  1. I love the idea, but I’m always sceptical about selling software to the government given how slow it is to change. How does Mark43 think about this problem of how to sell the product? Have they had any success after the MA Special Projects Team?

    1. I love the value prop, but I tend to agree with Meili. Having been in the military, I understand how painful it can be to convince a government organization to adopt new technology, particularly when a non-zero percentage of your workforce doesn’t even use email for professional purposes. True, police forces likely have less strenuous procurement processes, but I’m sure “if it ain’t broke, don’t fix it” or “this is how we’ve done it for 20 years!” are still tossed around when Mark43 tries to make a sale. I’d also be curious to hear about their experience with the Special Projects Team and how they calculated 230,000 hours of saved time. Thanks for the write up!

      1. Thanks for this post Ellen! From what I know, Mark43 has been able to get additional clients, one of the first ones was the police department in DC. This was a great win as it is considered as one of the most complicated departments, and if they can do it there, they can do it anywhere. While I agree it is challenging to sell to governments, two things Mark43 were doing that I thought were helpful: First, get a local champion – they were able to engage one of the leading officers in the station and used her to sell their product from within. Second, they started by giving the software for free – once they got in, they used the stickiness of the product and were able to monetize it.

    2. Hey Meili – the short answer is yes! They are very under-the-radar (pun intended!) about their partnerships given the sensitive nature of of their product, but they are currently installed in 3 major US cities’ police forces, and they have many other partnerships in other parts of the nation.

      Something that I think helps with the sales process is word of mouth from other police departments. It turns out that these cities are interested in having the best tools and resources, and selling them on a holistic system that can save them time and money is very appealing. Once they sold their first one, the validation from that implementation helped catalyze their future sales.

  2. Great post. Just stopping by w a quick comment.

    We had Mark43 as a case last term in Mitch Weiss’s Public Entrepreneurship class. One of the reasons that the class was particularly excited about it is that information management systems are a legal requirement for all police departments. To your fourth point, this makes software – even a brand new solution – especially digestible when compared to more expensive legacy options. Many police departments, for example, had/have to obtain grants in order to afford these pricey systems. Seemed like Mark43 had figured out a way to adopt a better pricing model that works for cities and deemphasizes the need to cut back on a line item to make room for the software – critical when selling into this vertical.

  3. Great post and an interesting space! As law enforcement and sensitive government information becomes digitized, I’m curious to know what Mark43 has done to ensure that clients’ confidential information remains secure. Security breaches could pose a significant threat to police departments adopting the service.

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